|Jonah thrown to the sea monster - fresco in the ancient Catacombs of Marcellinus and Peter, Rome|
The Kitos War (115–117)...While the majority of the Roman armies were fighting Trajan's Parthian War on the eastern border of the Roman Empire, major uprisings by ethnic Judeans in Cyrene, Libya, Cyprus and Egypt spiraled out of control, resulting in a widespread slaughter of left behind Roman garrisons and Roman citizens by Jewish rebels. Some of the areas with the heaviest massacres were left so utterly annihilated that others were made to settle these areas to prevent the absence of any remaining presence. The rebellions were finally crushed by Roman legionary forces, chiefly by the Roman general Lusius Quietus, whose nomen later gave the conflict its title, as "Kitos" is a later corruption of Quietus.
|Corinthian vase with Ketos, Perseus and Andromeda|
κήτος • (kítos) n (plural κήτη)
(astronomy) Cetus (constellation)
"Kitos" is confirmed in numerous sources.
There is no reason to doubt the claim that Kitos is the corruption of Quietus, though in a military context during a period of popular satire, this becomes something more. This is particularly so when Chrestians are fighting Messianic Judaism, for Jonah is resurrected:
Jonah in JudaismThe original New Testament, written in parody of Messianic Jews and Judaism, uses the fable to denigrate its enemy:
The book of Jonah (Yonah יונה) is one of the twelve minor prophets included in the Tanakh. According to tradition, Jonah was the boy brought back to life by Elijah the prophet, and hence shares many of his characteristics (particularly his desire for "strict judgment"). The book of Jonah is read every year, in its original Hebrew and in its entirety, on Yom Kippur – the Day of Atonement, as the Haftarah at the afternoon mincha prayer.
39 He answered, "A wicked and adulterous generation asks for a sign! But none will be given it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. 40 For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of a huge fish, so the Son of Man will be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. 41 The men of Nineveh will stand up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it; for they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and now something greater than Jonah is here." (Matthew, "Gospel", Bible (New International Version [NIV] ed.), 12:39–41.)
The sign is, of course, Quietus leading the second holocaust of Jews.