Chrestian Mafia at the end of the First Century
|Relief on the Antinous obelisk, made for Hadrian, after Antinous was drowned in the Nile and resurrected in imitation of the Isis Myth ceremony. Relocated by Pope Urban VIII to his palace and in 1822 Pope Pius VII moved the obelisk to Piazzale del Pincio.|
- The Pagan Shepherd of Hermas: From Canonical to Apochryphal
- First-Century Chrestian nobility - servants of Antonia Minor
- Imperial and Royal Chrestians of the First Century
- John the Baptist by Herod Antipas ca. 34-36.
- Herod Agrippa in 44.
- James the Righteous Teacher in 62.
- Emperor Nero by Epaphroditus in 68.
- Emperor Domitian in 96.
|Chrestian feast in the catacomb of San Domitella, the oldest catacomb in Rome|
Domitian was assassinated on 18 September 96, in a palace conspiracy organized by court officials. A highly detailed account of the plot and the assassination is provided by Suetonius, who alleges that Domitian's chamberlain Parthenius was the chief instigator behind the conspiracy, citing the recent execution of Domitian's secretary Epaphroditus as the primary motive. The murder itself was carried out by a freedman of Parthenius named Maximus, and a steward of Domitian's niece Flavia Domitilla, named Stephanus.The direct, Chrestian connection is Flavia Domitilla:
136. Jones (1992), p. 193
137. Grainger (2003), p. 16
138. Suetonius, Life of Domitian 14;16
139. Grainger (2003), p. 19
St. Agnes and St. Domitilla. Andrea di Bonaiuto 1365
Flavia Domitilla was daughter of Domitilla the Younger by an unknown father, perhaps Quintus Petillius Cerialis. She married her cousin, the consul Titus Flavius Clemens.Clemens is the Chrestian identified by us earlier.
Flavia Domitilla is a saint in the Greek Orthodox Church, which celebrates her feast day on 12 May. And also as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church, which honoured her on 12 May together with Saints Nereus and Achilleus, in whose church of Santi Nereo e Achilleo in Rome, her supposed relics were housed. Her name was not linked with theirs in the Tridentine Calendar of Pope Pius V. It was added in 1595, and was removed from that date in 1969, and is now listed on 7 May in the Martyrology.
|The Arch of Titus near the Coliseum in Rome depicts the Roman conquest of Jerusalem in 70|
The defeat of the Jewish revolt altered the Jewish diaspora, as many of the Jewish rebels were scattered or sold into slavery. Josephus claims that 1,100,000 people were killed during the siege, a sizeable portion of these were at Jewish hands and due to illnesses brought about by hunger. "A pestilential destruction upon them, and soon afterward such a famine, as destroyed them more suddenly." On the order of 97,000 were captured and enslaved and many others fled to areas around the Mediterranean.Why did the Chrestians turn against Nero? Because, as with most emperors, he expected to rule as an emperor, so when he discovered how the covert Chrestian cult were conspiring to manipulate him, he tried to eliminate the threat.
Once Nero has been killed and Vespasian came to the purple, the Chrestians must have felt safe, and when Titus followed his father, doubly so. Qumran had been largely destroyed, their sacred texts disappeared (buried until the 1940s), the family of "Izates" - Abgarus in Edessa - were captive, surviving messianic Jews had fled east, across the Euphrates, or south into the Sahara desert.
Now all the Chrestian seemed to require was mopping up.
Domitian must have been quite a shock to them, but unlike other Flavians, he was a stout, conservative Roman and like Nero, expected to rule as emperor. Josephus was living in the Flavian private home, and he disappears. Then Epaphroditus disappears, for the death of Nero. Torture was the standard interrogation technique and just as Saul must have revealed part of the Chrestian conspiracy to Nero, so would these two, to Domitian, who cleared away as many Chrestians as he could, before they murdered him in his bath.
The way was now really open for Chrestian domination, for the "clearing up of loose ends".
Trajan (emperor from 98 until his death in 117) :
Early in his reign, he annexed the Nabataean kingdom, creating the province of Arabia Petraea.Nobody knows why Trajan invaded Mesopotamia:
Trajan's war against the Parthian Empire ended with the sack of the capital Ctesiphon and the annexation of Armenia and Mesopotamia. His campaigns expanded the Roman Empire to its greatest territorial extent. In late 117, while sailing back to Rome, Trajan fell ill and died of a stroke in the city of Selinus. He was deified by the Senate...
Among medieval Christian theologians, Trajan was considered a virtuous pagan...
He was succeeded by his adopted son Hadrian.
As the surviving literary accounts of Trajan's Parthian War are fragmentary and scattered, it is difficult to assign them a proper context, something that has led to a long-running controversy about its precise happenings and ultimate aims.He took Hadrian with him and together they killed Jews, as many as they could catch, and we must assume - if only because messianic Jews had fled there after the earlier war - that these were also primarily messianic. This provoked the Second Jewish-Roman War (115–117 CE), named Kitos for the Roman, Moorish general Quietus:
In all of the cities, there was widespread destruction including the capital of Cyprus, Salamis, much of Alexandria, and most of the Island of Cyrene. In Alexandria, the great synagogue and library were destroyed as well. As a result, Jews were forbidden to live in Cyprus. The rebellion forced Trajan to abandon his campaign to conquer Babylon which continued to provide a refuge for the Jews.
|Denarius of Hadrian, found in Egypt|
How Hadrian took on the imperial purple after Trajan is unknown, although he was, of course, his adopted son. I think that we must consider both as Chrestians.
The end of the first century thus saw Chrestians firmly in power, wearing the imperial purple and with Chrestians ruling across the Levant and North Africa. As importantly to them, they had destroyed Judea and Second Temple Judaism, and with Hadrian, would kill messianic Judaism completely. Chrestians now lead the Western world into modernity, very largely the world we inherit.